TrialNet 18 -CTLA-4 Ig (Abatacept) FOR PREVENTION OF ABNORMAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE AND DIABETES IN RELATIVES AT-RISK FOR TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS (TN18 AP)
Number of Subjects in Study Archive: 206
Study Design: Clinical Trial
Conditions: Diabetes Mellitus, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Prediabetic State
Duration: March 2013 – February 2018
# Recruitment Centers: 16
Treatment: Abatacept Drug (CTLA4-lg)
Available Genotype Data: No
Image Summary: No
Transplant Type: None
Does it have dialysis patients: No
Access to samples for TrialNet 18 -CTLA-4 Ig (Abatacept) FOR PREVENTION OF ABNORMAL GLUCOSE TOLERANCE AND DIABETES IN RELATIVES AT-RISK FOR TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS (TN18 AP) is currently only available via collaboration. Please contact the parent study to ask about ancillary study opportunities.
Clinical Trials URL:
Type 1 diabetes develops when fully activated T-cells attack beta cells in the pancreas, causing insulin production to shut down. In order for a T-cell to be fully active, a co-stimulatory signal is required. Abatacept (CTLA4-lg) prevents full T-cell activation by modulating co-stimulation. During the earlier stages of beta cell destruction individuals progress from normal glucose tolerance to abnormal glucose tolerance, a precursor to type 1 diabetes. Intervention in subjects with normal glucose tolerance may be more effective than in those with abnormal tolerance.
The purpose of the TrialNet 18 study is to determine whether Abatacept treatment will prevent or delay the development of abnormal glucose tolerance and type 1 diabetes mellitus in at-risk relatives of patients with type 1 diabetes. Since C-peptide production is directly related to insulin production, this study will also use oral glucose tolerance testing to evaluate the effect of Abatacept on C-peptide response. Participants will be randomized into either the Abatacept or placebo group. The groups will receive an intravenous infusion of their respective treatments at specific points during the course of the study. Subjects will be regularly monitored and assessed for the development of abnormal glucose tolerance or diabetes.
The objective of the TrialNet 18 study is to determine the effect of Abatacept intervention on abnormal glucose tolerance in at-risk individuals. Additionally, the study will determine whether treatment with Abatacept has an effect on C-peptide response to oral glucose tolerance testing.
Primary Outcome Measures:
The time frame of the change from normal glucose tolerance to abnormal glucose tolerance will be evaluated and compared between the two groups.
Secondary Outcome Measures:
The time frame of the change in C-peptide response to Oral Glucose Tolerance Test will be evaluated and compared between the two groups.
Subjects must be age 6-45 years; a TrialNet Natural History/Pathway to Prevention Study participant; have normal glucose tolerance confirmed by Oral Glucose Tolerance Test within 7 weeks; have at least 2 confirmed diabetes-related autoantibodies, not including mIAA, present within 6 months prior to randomization; weigh at least 20kg (approx. 44lbs); the date of the last live immunization at least three months prior to study and forgo live vaccines until three months following study completion; and avoid pregnancy and undergo pregnancy testing before each infusion.
Individuals will be excluded from the study if they have diabetes, abnormal glucose tolerance, or insulin autoantibodies (mIAA); a positive PPD or IGRA test, or previously treated TB; use immunosuppressive agents or medications that influence glucose tolerance; an active infection, including CMV and EBV; current or past HIV, Hepatitis B, or Hepatitis C infection; immunodeficiency or chronic lymphopenia; or are currently pregnant or lactating.
This study is ongoing.